For an introduction to the role of multi-stakeholder teams in conducting patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR), click here. Tuckman’s model of team development (explained here) suggests that there are actions that teams can take to become fully performing groups. Many of these actions happen in the early stages of the team when it is forming.
In addition to getting to know one another, team members need to agree on several important aspects of how they will work together. These include a clear sense of what the team wants to achieve, a clear sense of who does what, and specific standards to guide how the team will work together. At the start of the study, team members should collectively develop:
- A shared vision. Diverse teams have diverse interests. Team members must work together to bridge these interests and create a clear, shared vision to guide the team’s work.
- Team members’ roles and responsibilities. Defining clear roles and responsibilities can help team members work together and clarify who is doing what and when activities will occur.
- Team norms. Norms developed and agreed on by the full team can promote respectful interactions and help team members work together productively.
Learn More About How Teams Can Set the Groundwork for Working Together Successfully Through:
- Creating a shared vision. Developing a shared vision of the research project that keeps everyone working toward the same goal.
- Defining roles and responsibilities. Defining the roles and responsibilities of each team member and clarifying roles to the entire team.
- Establishing team norms. Establishing cooperation, collaboration, and productivity as team norms.